Updated: Jun 16, 2022
In this article, we will discuss: What is blocking and choking? What is the difference between choking and blocking the blood arteries in the neck? What are non-lethal grips? What is the rear choke protection in Israeli Krav-Maga? What protection is against frontal choking while standing in Israeli Krav-Maga? What protection is against choking while lying down in Israeli Krav-Maga? What do they wear in Krav-Maga? What does a Krav-Maga trainer's training equipment include? How important is personal protective equipment when practicing Krav-Maga? What equipment is recommended for practicing Krav-Maga at home? What is the importance of cardiopulmonary endurance in Krav-Maga training?
The concepts presented here are for illustrative purposes only. Before attempting any technique discussed or presented in this article, seek professional training from a reputable instructor.
What is blocking and choking?
There is a wide range of forms of choke, hold and block, generally most common in street fighting and taught to the security forces as part of the Israeli Krav-Maga or Russian Combat Sambo course. If this happens and you are strangled, your reaction should be especially quick. An attacker can cause instant death by pressing on the larynx or blocking the carotid artery. It should be understood that choking and blockages of the carotid artery are very dangerous for human life. Many people are unaware of this danger until they encounter a situation where they cannot move, pass out within seconds.
What is the difference between choking and blocking the blood arteries in the neck?
Asphyxiation occurs when the body is unable to oxygenate tissues (including organs). To be more specific, the lungs cannot take in oxygen from the air we breathe and oxygenate the bloodstream. That is, there is a direct relationship between suffocation of the human body through blockage of the larynx when air cannot enter the lungs and suffocation with blood in the two main arteries of a person when an immediate loss of consciousness occurs as a result of cutting off the flow of oxygen to the brain (continued blockage causes immediate death).
What are non-lethal grips?
True, there are also not dangerous grips, such as gripping the palm, shirt, and hair. Sometimes the fight takes a violent form when it's not enough for the attacker to hold your shirt; Grasping your wrist tightly... And the attacker's goal is also to hit or push you, maybe even knock you to the ground. So, how to deal with such problems? It's important to remember that locks and chokes need to be super professional and skillful because we can easily end up in jail for overusing them. That is, you can easily turn from a victim of an attack into a deadly weapon according to the law, which will be responsible for the consequences. There is a fine line between loss of consciousness and death when using these techniques.
What is the rear choke protection in Israeli Krav-Maga?
In the video above are various forms of choke and releases while standing
According to the scenario, when the attacker managed to unexpectedly approach your back, and then he tries to choke you. When technically, he wraps his arm around the neck and throat, strikes with his forearm into the carotid artery or into the trachea, and with the other hand strengthens the choke lock on the back of the head. That is, technically, his palm of the choking hand rests on the triceps of the second hand, then the palm of the same hand closes behind the victim's head with a lock. After this choke lock, even self-defense specialists find it very difficult to get out. Therefore, the goal is primarily to prevent the attacking hand from closing. So how is it done? Before closing the attacking hand, it is obligatory to perform a number of actions listed below: Capturing the forearm of the clasping hand (attacker) with two palms; Rotation towards the clasping arm, when rotation is made around the axis of the front leg of the attacker; At the end of the rotational movement, the victim will be ninety degrees towards the attacker; Then a strong kick is made to the knees of the attacker, while after this blow the attacker will be on the ground; At the final stage, the victim's knee is on the attacker's stomach from the side; And the hands (of the victim) block the elbow in order to subdue or break it (the arm of the attacker). According to Mark Fesler (6th Dan in Krav-Maga), "When choking from behind, do not put both hands under the choke arm at the same time, because this can only help the attacker" and adds: "It is better to pull down the choke arm with our elbow applied to the body, at this manner more force and torque is invested in the defensive technique".
What protection is against frontal choking while standing in Israeli Krav-Maga?
Due to the wide range of standing front choke defenses that exist in self-defense in general and Israeli Krav Maga in particular, in this article, we will focus on two very common scenarios: Front choke while on the move; And when the process of suffocation, static in place.
In case A - The intention of the attacker can be recognized from afar, he resolutely approaches and we see his intention, that is, he shows signs of desire through facial expressions and hand movements (begins to raise his hands). It could be a situation where you are simply aware of his desire to harm you... This is a relatively easy case for the victim because he has information about the attacker's intentions moments before. This information must be used! So how do you do it? The most common and instinctive reaction is to move to the right or left a moment before he grabs you by the throat, it is recommended to move ninety degrees towards the attacker (triangular step) when at the end of your movement you are ninety degrees to him. Immediately parallel to your rotation is a blockage of his arms using your for