Updated: Jan 4
In this article, we'll take a look at: What is Mixed Martial Arts MMA? What is the history of mixed martial arts MMA? What are the rules for fighting in mixed martial arts MMA? What is winning in mixed martial arts MMA? What are the strategies for fighting in MMA? What are the fighting tactics in MMA? What are Sprawl-and-Brawl Tactics in MMA? What is the Clinch-Fighting Technique in MMA? What is Ground-And-Pound Technique in MMA? What is the Lay-and-Pray technique in MMA? What is the Submission-Grappling Technique in MMA? What kind of protective equipment and clothing are used in mixed martial arts MMA? What kind of equipment for training in MMA?
What is Mixed Martial Arts MMA?
MMA is a hybrid martial art that combines the techniques of Boxing, Wrestling, Judo, Jiu-jitsu, Karate, Muay Thai, and others. Although it was in its infancy a brutal and rule-free image of a bloody sport, it gradually became one of the fastest-growing sports in the world in the early 21st century. Combined martial arts MMA is hand-to-hand combat, where it is allowed to use all existing techniques from the world of martial arts without weapons, with the rules allowing standing or lying fights. This martial art originated in Portugal, in the fights "Vale-Tudo" in the loose translation "everything goes", fighting without weapons and without any restrictions, which have been known in Brazil since the 1920s. The whole world longed for a style of wrestling in which the best of existing methods would prevail. The Gracie Brazilian family understood this demand and brought the sport to the United States in the early 1990s. Thus, MMA first caught the attention of many in North America. Helio's son, Royce Gracie, represented the family at UFC 1 in Denver, Colorado in 1993. The name of the UFC - Ultimate Fighting Championship - refers to the organization that has become the leading promoter of mixed martial arts competitions. The first goal of UFC events was to pit fighters of different styles against each other - for example, wrestler versus boxer and kickboxer versus judoka. Initially, the only rules were a ban on bites and dislocation eyes. According to the rules, the fight was stopped when one of the fighters surrendered, fell unconscious, or the coach threw a towel. Royce Gracie has been declared the UFC 1 Champion at the Denver Octagon. Pay cable TV attracted about 86,000 viewers at the first UFC tournament. In the third tournament, this number increased to 300,000.
What is the history of mixed martial arts MMA?
What is Pankration?
It is believed that mixed martial arts have their roots in the middle of the second half of the first millennium BC, during the ancient Olympic Games. When "Pankration" was the combat training of the Greek armies, it was also considered a martial art of Ancient Greece. The fierce competition combined wrestling, boxing, and street fighting. It was allowed to kick and hit the defeated enemy; Only bites and eye removal were prohibited. Usually, the battles ended when one of the fighters admitted defeat or was unconscious. In some cases, participants have died during the Olympic Games. Pankration became one of the most popular events of the ancient Olympic Games.
What is "Vale Tudo"?
In 393 AD, the Roman emperor Theodosius I banned the Olympic Games, ending the Pankration era as a popular sport. However, this fighting style emerged later in the 20th century in Brazil through the martial arts known as "Vale Tudo" ("everything goes"). It was published and popularized by brothers Carlos and Helio Gracie, who opened their Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu school in Rio de Janeiro in 1925. The brothers gained attention by publishing the "Gracie Challenge" in the local Area Newspapers and stating in advertisements, “If you want to break an arm or a rib, contact Carlos Gracie. The brothers brought all true martial arts enthusiasts to their challenging industry with a blatant challenge. Thus, their competitions became so popular that they had to be moved to large football stadiums to accommodate the crowd.
How did Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu get to the USA?
The mixed martial arts trend gained momentum very quickly in the United States and burst into the public consciousness in 1993 when the UFC Ultimate Fighting Championship was held for the first time. In fact, not a dry theory - The fighters competed with each other almost without limits to determine who would be the best. The variety of battles stunned the audience, the audience was eager to see the battle in full contact, and in fact, this is what they got in terms of the level of violence that ware in the battles. That is, battles that did not stop, even if the opponents were shaded in blood.
Why did the UFC have to change its MMA image?
Initially, the UFC marketed its product, MMA, as an unrestricted sport in which anything can happen. Her brutality angered many, including politicians in the United States. Even Senator John McCain called the Octagon fight "cockfighting among the people" and tried to ban it. In 2001, the new UFC administration introduced regulations to make the sport less dangerous. Weight categories, rounds, and time limits have been added, and the list of arena violations has been expanded. Over time, the need arose to make combined martial arts a competitive sport with predefined rules. This led the industry to explosive growth, and in terms of popularity, even reached the level of old and popular TV shows like boxing and professional wrestling.
What are the rules for fighting in mixed martial arts MMA?
UFC was promoting a set of rules to standardize MMA as a sport around the world. By 2009, regulators in the United States had adopted these standards, also known as the Mixed Martial Arts Rules. To avoid lengthy fights, they were split into three five-minute rounds with a one-minute break between or five rounds in the case of a championship fight or main fight. In addition, if the fighters are fighting statically and do not improve their position, the referee must set the fighters to their original position, that is, standing. According to these rules, MMA participants compete in the ring or fenced area in the Octagon, and they fight with padded gloves without fingers, no shoes, and head protector. According to the new rules, participants can hit, kick and throw an opponent both while standing and on the ground. However, as the main prohibitions: Do not hit into the eyes and groin with fingers; Do not bite or pull on the hair. The rules regarding prohibited moves are not fixed and vary from competition to competition, but in almost every modern competition there are the following rules prohibiting: Any headbutt; Press on the eyes with fingers; Bites under any circumstances; Using fingers to interact with opponent's mouth, nose, and ears, while pulling the skin in the opposite direction, falls under the “Fishing Hook” category; Pull the opponent by the hair; Opponent's throw, in which he is turned 180 degrees; The entire back of the neck is closed for attacks, namely, from the occipital transition to the trapezium; Press fingers on the opponent's neck or trachea in order to end the fight by submission; Movement of the hand with fingers apart, directed towards the face or eyes of the opponent; Use of straight, downward (groin) elbow strikes in combat; Kicks and knees on a lying opponent; Holding on to the opponent's gloves or shorts; It is prohibited to hold the position by grabbing the fences with fingers or toes; Manipulations with "small" joints; Deliberately throw the opponent out of the ring or cage; Any attacks that scratch, stretch, or twist the opponent's skin.
What is winning in mixed martial arts MMA?
A fighter can defeat his opponent in several ways: Submission - The technique of filing using a bolt or strangulation; Knockout - a situation in which one of the participants lost consciousness as a result of a concussion; Technical knockout - a situation when one of the participants cannot continue the fight, this situation is caused by a fracture or an open cut; Judges' decision - if all rounds of the match have ended without a clear victory, three side judges will declare the winner; Stopping the Doctor - The doctor in the arena decides to stop the fight; Corner stop - The corners of one of the participants indicate to the referee by throwing a towel into the arena that their candidate cannot continue the fight; Invalid Action - The opponent has made a wrong move or has shown an unwillingness to fight.
What are the strategies for fighting in MMA?
Techniques used in mixed martial arts competitions generally fall into two categories: 1) Standing fighters - Kicking, knee and hand kick techniques that are used in Thai Boxing, Kickboxing, Karate, Taekwondo, etc.; 2) Fighters practicing prone fighting - Methods of grabbing, holding, drifting, etc. used in Wrestling, Judo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Sambo, and many other types. The basic rules of MMA competitions are established by the International Combat Sports Federation - ISCF. Today, MMA fighters must practice a variety of styles to cope with the strengths of their opponents and remain effective at all stages of combat. For example, a standing fighter will have little opportunity to use his skills against a prone fighter. There are three main fighting elements in this industry: Standing combat - In which fight while standing with fists, feet, elbows, and knees. The second element is the clinching element - When the main goal is over from a standing position to the ground. The third and final element - Is the ground element in which one fights on the ground with various exercises such as restraint, bolts, and strangulation.
What are Sprawl-and-Brawl Tactics in MMA?
The combat tactic "Sprawl-and-brawl" is designed to conduct effective combat while avoiding the battle on the ground. This fighting style was invented by Kick Boxers, Thai Boxers, and Karate Fighters to keep from falling to the ground and allow the fight to continue while standing. This style differs significantly from traditional standing fighting styles, as they must adapt their fighting techniques to defend against wrestler attacks with effective standing attacks. These fighters also learn ground fighting tactics to avoid being forced to surrender if they find themselves on the floor.
What is the Clinch-Fighting Technique in MMA?
Clinch wrestling and dirty boxing are combat tactics that use the grapple to prevent the opponent from going into a farther attack range while trying to get down and punch the opponent using knees, elbows, and punches. Clinch is often used by wrestlers who have added elements of Muay Thai to their skills. Clinch fighting can be used as a way to neutralize an opponent's high-standing skills or to prevent falling to the ground against a superior wrestling fighter.
What is Ground-And-Pound Technique in MMA?
The Ground-and-pound tactics for ground combat involve lowering the opponent to the ground by throwing and taking a top or dominant position, and then punching and elbowing for suppression. At the next stage of the struggle, the enemy is subdued by blocking and choking techniques.
What is Lay-and-Pray Technique
Lay-and-pray fighting is the opposite of Ground-and-pound. The intent is to lie on top of your opponent and do nothing in the hope that he will give up.
What is the Submission-Grappling Technique in MMA?
The Submission-Grappling technique refers to ground fighting tactics consisting in lowering the opponent by throwing and then using locks or choke techniques, forcing him to submit.
What kind of protective equipment and clothing are used in mixed martial arts MMA?
Avoid serious injury. Demonstrations and battles are not permitted without proper protection. These are usually inexpensive shields compared to the physical damage they prevent. Also comes the question of professional insurance of coaches. There is no insurance without protective equipment! When striking a punching bag, use boxing gloves. During battles, it is recommended to wear a body shield to reduce damage from being hit on the body, these shields maintain the integrity of the ribs and reduce the likelihood of serious injury during battles. It is very important to protect the head and of course the teeth from unwanted injuries, therefore it is recommended to use head protectors and teeth protectors. Below is a list of recommended shields and clothing for MMA training:
Lightweight gloves for MMA.
The shirt is for men and women.
Shorts for women and men.
What kind of equipment for training in MMA?
In MMA, warriors fighting in standing and lying positions. As a result, it is important to train on a floor that prevents injuries from throwing and hitting athletes. Also, is granted great importance to the quality of the trainer's equipment, for example, pads for the hands and abdomen when working on frontal strikes. Below is a list of recommended equipment for MMA training:
Boxing pads for the trainer.
Abdominal belt to absorb shock.
A doll for individual training.
Heavy punching bag.
Lightweight punching bag.
Free-standing punching bag.
Boxing equipment, spinning bar.
Punching bag for speed.
Mixed martial arts summary
In this article, we looked at the variety of mixed martial arts, a method that includes all the effective components of hand-to-hand combat from all existing martial arts, standing, and lying. Discussed the origins of Pankration, a mixed martial art from Ancient Greece that was popular in the ancient Olympics; How it was forgotten in Greece and how it has appeared in various forms around the world, especially in Brazil, since the beginning of the 20th century; How the Gracie family brought him to the United States in the 90s and how in the 21st century it has turned into a competitive sport with certain fight rules; We also discussed what is worn in mixed martial arts and what fitness equipment is recommended to use.
The article - Gil Peleg.